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young Freddie Hubbard ca 1962

Adolph Herseth -
principal trumpet Chicago Symphony

Miles Davis
Adolph Herseth - intro to Mahler 5
Freddie Hubbard - The Night Has a Thousand Eyes
Freddie Hubbard - Straight Life
Miles Davis
Miles Davis - So What

Learning the Trumpet

Learning to teach yourself is most important.

Practice sounding good.   Do not play something wrong over and over again!   Slow down the tempo until you can play it with the correct notes, in tune, and in rhythm.   Listen to how it sounds.   Play melodies out of fake books or etude books or by ear.  Playing melodies makes it real obvious if it is out of tune or has a bad sound.   Play along with recordings.

If your practice starts sounding worse then rest (for a few minutes, hours or day).   Do not think about it while resting.  Do something else.   Try again later - it almost always sounds better.

Players, Teachers

Perfection - Tine Thing Helseth with Det Norske Kammerorkester, notice the complete lack of any muscle tension
The Berliner Philharmoniker perform Stravinsky's Petrushka / Trumpet tutorial
Bud Herseth Lesson Notes
Bud Herseth more info
Pencil Exercise - G Rawlin
Pat Harbison, Karl Sievers
Bill Moriarity talking about Roy Stevens and the history of the Stevens-Costello method
Warren Vache On Embouchure Lesson
The Balanced Embouchure
YouTube - Trumpet Lesson 4 - Zero Pressure technique
Lynn Nicholson - can scream without forcing it
Bill Adam - Great Teacher
Bill Adam
The Other Side of the Bell A Trumpet Podcast; Episode #15: Bill Adam Tribute
Chris Botti Interview with Mr Adam
William Adam & Greg Wing play the "Routine" by GWing

Jimmy Stamp
Jimmy Stamp on youtube
Stamp Upper Register Etudes

Player/Horn Combinations



Benge Serial Numbers
5/64 hexkey for bach strad stop rod
Bach Strad Bells
Bach Stradivarius Bell Variations
Early Elkhart Serial numbers
Bells - Harrelson
Bachloyalist.com Bach trumpet serial numbers
Bach Stradivarius Models - TrumpetMaster
Dave's Bach Trumpet Page
Besson Trumpets
Yamaha Schilke Clones
YAMALLOY - older yamaha trumpets may have valve problems
Guide to new trumpets
Schilke Serial Numbers
Kanstul Model Comparison List
Valve Aignment At Home?


Alpha Angle
Warburton Trumpet, Cornet and Flugelhorn Mouthpieces
Stork Trumpet Mouthpieces
Stork Specs
Stork Comparison
Kanstul.com Gustat Mouthpiece
Bach Mouthpiece bach loyalist
Bach Mouthpiece history
Bach Mouthpiece Manual
Bach - Schilke Mouthpiece comparison chart
Mouthpiece comparison chart
Schilke Mouthpiece model descriptions
Holton Heim Mouthpiece vs stork vacciano.url
Kanstul Mouthpiece Comparator - superimposes trumpet mouthpiece profiles
    B = Elkhart Bach 
    BMV = Mt Vernon Bach 
    BNY = New York Bach 
    GIR = Giardinelli 
    S = Schilke 
    W = Warburton 
    M = Monette 
    BFL = (Modern) Bach flugelhorn 
    CG = Claude Gordon 
    G = Gustat 
    P = Parduba  

Mouthpiece Throat Size (bore)
fracti  Decimal  mm
3/32	0.09375	 2.38125
7/64	0.109375 2.778125
1/8	0.125	 3.175
9/64	0.14062  3.571875
19/128  0.14844  3.7703
5/32	0.15625	 3.96875

gauge	Decimal	 mm
28	0.1405	3.569
27	0.144	3.658
26	0.147	3.734
25	0.1495	3.797
24	0.152	3.861
23	0.154	3.912
22	0.157	3.988
21	0.159	4.039
20	0.161	4.089


Mouthpiece Gap

Mouthpiece gap on vintage Benges
Benge Gap
Benge trumpet with flat 4th line D (5th partial) - Solution
Benge 3X Question, Problem
Mouthpiece gap and flat 4th line D
Harrelson survey of 32 mouthpieces vs gap
Harrelson Mouthpiece Gap
Mouthpiece Gap Solutions Venturi & Shim Demo Video Jason Harrelson
Warburton Mouthpiece Gap
GR mouthpiece gap
Bob Reeves Gap info
Improving the upper register with the correct gap
If your mouthpiece gap is greater than the optimal gap, you will have a bit more resistance, although the horn will slot and speak well. Lower register may become stuffy, upper register may reach a "wall", above which resistance can not be overcome.

If the gap is less than optimal, you will have less resistance, as well as difficulty slotting (less distance between the slots), poor definition to the notes above high C,
Lower register very free-blowing,
Lack of healthy resistance causes upper register to "airball", or wash out
There is nothing to "lean on" when coming back down from a high passage

Here is the GR Mouthpiece formula for calculating the optimal gap.
the exit wall thickness of the mouthpiece shank multiplied times 5
the leadpipe internal diameter minus the receiver internal diameter multiplied by .75

exit wall thickness of mouthpiece = .021"
           X  5  =  .105"
leadpipe internal diameter is .345" and receiver internal diameter is .385.
.385 - .345 = .040
.040 X .75 = .030

.105 + .030 = .135 Optimal Gap
Warburton makes it more simple: "The optimal gap is usually somewhere between 0.100 and 0.150 inches " 

Harrelson says optimal gap usually between .060 and .100 inches.

The great Clifford Brown said 1/8 inch, .125"

Bob Reeves emphasizes differences in players, rather than equipment affecting the optimal gap, and sells 3 piece mouthpieces that give different gaps with different sleeves.

Some outrageously good players use no gap. A Flugelhorn has no gap. Some players are successful with gaps much greater than 1/4 inch. If you are getting good results there is no need to change the gap. Leave it alone!

A change of .001" of the mouthpiece shank diameter will cause a difference of about .020" in the gap distance.